The word laparoscopy is formed by two terms derived from the Greek language: lapáre, meaning abdominal cavity, and skopéo, which means to look attentively, to examine.
The year of 1991 is a historical mark in Urology, when a laparoscopic nephrectomy (kidney removal) was performed for the first time. Since then, laparoscopy has been increasingly adopted in the main centers as a surgical treatment option for benign and malignant conditions, due to its innumerous advantages for the patient when compared to the traditional, open surgery. Some of the advantages are: shorter hospital stay and convalescence, less bleeding and better cosmetic results, among other things.
Since 2001 Master Clínica features an advanced laparoscopy center and performs a broad spectrum of organ removal surgeries (adrenalectomy, nephrectomy, prostatectomy), as well as reconstruction surgeries (pieloplasty, sacrocolpoplexy) offering clients the most innovative and modern techniques in the field.
The laparoscopic technique consists of accessing multiple organs by blowing an inert gas (CO2) through a needle in the peritoneal cavity. Next, a trocar catheter is inserted in order to allow the passage of an optical system, which enables the visualization of the entire cavity through image transmission to a high definition monitor. Two to three additional trocars are placed in predefined points for handling various types of surgical instruments.