Biopsy is the name given to the procedure of collecting and sending material for an anatomopathological examination, in order to clarify or confirm a diagnosis.
In urology, the biopsies that are more frequently performed are of bladder and prostate. For those procedures, the patient is always sedated by an anesthesiologist, in order to avoid any discomfort or pain.
A cystoscopy (information about this exam can be found here) is necessary for bladder biopsy and a transrectal ultrasonography of the prostate is necessary for prostate biopsy, which will guide the extraction of several fragments of different locations of the prostate, by using an extremely thin needle.
The procedures do not require hospitalization, and after a period for recovery and normal urination, the patient is released.